European Space Agency YouTube Update

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25-05-2018 07:36 PM CEST

Explore the Philippines‘ Mount Mayon, one of the world’s most active volcanoes, in this episode of Earth from Space, presented by Kelsea Brennan-Wessels from the ESA Web TV virtual studios.

See also http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2018/05/Mount_Mayon_Philippines to download the image taken by the Copernicus Sentinel-1 satellite.

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European Space Agency Flickr Update

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Soyuz MS-09 crew
25-05-2018 11:28 AM CEST

europeanspaceagency posted a photo:

Soyuz MS-09 crew

At the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, Expedition 56 astronauts NASA astronaut Serena Aunon-Chancellor, Roscosmos commander Sergei Prokopyev and ESA astronaut Alexander Gerst pose in their Sokol suits in front of the Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft that will launch them into space. They will be launched 6 June for a six-month mission on the International Space Station.

Alexander’s mission is called Horizons to evoke exploring our Universe, looking far beyond our planet and broadening our knowledge. His first mission was called Blue Dot. Alexander will take over command of the International Space Station for the second half of his mission. This is only the second time that a European astronaut will take up this leading position on the space outpost – the first was ESA astronaut Frank De Winne in 2009. Alexander Gerst is the 11th German citizen to fly into space.

The science programme is packed with European research: more than 50 experiments will deliver benefits to people back on Earth and prepare for future space exploration.

Credits: NASA–V. Zelentsov

Alexander Gerst Soyuz MS-09 check
25-05-2018 11:28 AM CEST

europeanspaceagency posted a photo:

Alexander Gerst Soyuz MS-09 check

At the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, Expedition 56 astronauts NASA astronaut Serena Auñón-Chancellor, Roscosmos commander Sergei Prokopyev and ESA astronaut Alexander Gerst pose in their Sokol suits in front of the Soyuz MS-09 spacecraft that will launch them into space. They will be launched 6 June for a six-month mission on the International Space Station.

Alexander’s mission is called Horizons to evoke exploring our Universe, looking far beyond our planet and broadening our knowledge. His first mission was called Blue Dot. Alexander will take over command of the International Space Station for the second half of his mission. This is only the second time that a European astronaut will take up this leading position on the space outpost – the first was ESA astronaut Frank De Winne in 2009. Alexander Gerst is the 11th German citizen to fly into space.

The science programme is packed with European research: more than 50 experiments will deliver benefits to people back on Earth and prepare for future space exploration.

Credits: NASA–V. Zelentsov

Alexander Gerst and Soyuz rocket
25-05-2018 11:28 AM CEST

europeanspaceagency posted a photo:

Alexander Gerst and Soyuz rocket

ESA astronaut Alexander Gerst in front of the Soyuz MS-09 rocket at Baikonur cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, that will launch him into space on his second mission to the International Space Station.

The Soyuz launcher delivers millions of horsepower to reach an orbital speed of 28 800 km/h. After the engines ignite, they will propel the crew 1640 km in less than 10 minutes – averaging a 50 km/h increase in speed every second.

Credits: ESA

Mount Mayon, Philippines
25-05-2018 10:22 AM CEST

europeanspaceagency posted a photo:

Mount Mayon, Philippines

The Copernicus Sentinel-1B satellite takes us over one of the most active volcanos in the world: Mount Mayon on the island of Luzon in the Philippines.

Luzon is the biggest island in the Philippines and home to most of the country’s active volcanoes. This volcanism is associated with plate tectonic processes where the floor of the South China Sea is being drawn down into the mantle along the Manila Trench, which is to the west of the island. The image just shows part of the southern end of this large island, but features no less than five volcanoes.

While Mount Mayon – the most southerly volcano in the image – is famous not only for being perfectly formed, but also for being one of the most active in the world, the other four volcanoes in the image are actually either dormant or extinct.Dubbed a perfect volcano because of its symmetry, Mount Mayon has a classical conical shape, built up by many layers of hardened lava. It erupts frequently with the most recent eruption occurring in January this year.

This image was captured on 16 January 2018 and while satellite radar isn’t typically used to detect hot lava flows, the way it has been processed reveals a pink line running down the southeast flank of the volcano that matches the flow of lava in optical images from satellites such as Sentinel-2. The predominant bright green in the image corresponds to vegetation, the lighter green and pink to towns and the blue to cultivated fields.

While the Sentinel-1 radar mission is used for a myriad of everyday applications, it is also used to detect ground movement, which is essential for monitoring shifts from earthquakes and volcanic uplift.

This image is also featured on the

.

Credits: contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data (2018), processed by ESA,CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

Walking on the Moon – underwater

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Walking on the Moon – underwater
17-04-2018 10:28 AM CEST

Underwater_lunar_EVA_simulation_small.jpg

It’s one of the deepest ‘swimming pools’ in Europe, but for three years has been helping preparations for a human return to the Moon. ESA’s Neutral Buoyancy Facility at the European Astronaut Centre has been the site of the ‘Moondive’ study, using specially weighted spacesuits to simulate lunar gravity, which is just one sixth that of Earth.

GPO Summer Travel Series: What to Do and See in Washington DC

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European Space Agency YouTube Update

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24-05-2018 07:28 PM CEST

Join Paxi as he explores the greenhouse effect to learn about global warming.

★ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/ESAsubscribe

The adventures of Paxi are also available in the following languages: 🇨🇿 https://youtu.be/jLO-6B4efr8 🇩🇰 https://youtu.be/tl0F4JEanCo 🇳🇱 https://youtu.be/vCSHFGvKdf4 🇫🇮 https://youtu.be/G_Tne4eIWPQ 🇫🇷 https://youtu.be/99_x2nYfvKY 🇩🇪 https://youtu.be/7tEODAlOIZY 🇮🇹 https://youtu.be/RR30r52uQmQ 🇳🇴 https://youtu.be/K9BJfsgIMcE 🇵🇱 https://youtu.be/3oYYDXW1mMc 🇵🇹 https://youtu.be/r7S3Wqgl1JQ 🇷🇴 https://youtu.be/i_DAxjw9bS4 🇪🇸 https://youtu.be/0IYozXSfHDs 🇸🇪 https://youtu.be/ytbUoRBSe6M


24-05-2018 06:58 PM CEST

Begleiten Sie Paxi, während er den Treibhauseffekt erforscht, um etwas über die globale Erwärmung zu erfahren.

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24-05-2018 06:52 PM CEST

Unisciti a Paxi mentre esplora l’effetto serra per conoscere il riscaldamento globale.

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24-05-2018 06:30 PM CEST

Únete a Paxi mientras explora el efecto invernadero para aprender sobre el calentamiento global.

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24-05-2018 05:54 PM CEST

Sluit je aan bij Paxi terwijl hij het broeikaseffect verkent om meer te weten te komen over het broeikaseffect.

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24-05-2018 05:23 PM CEST

Gå med i Paxi när han utforskar växthuseffekten för att lära sig om global uppvärmning.

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24-05-2018 04:41 PM CEST

Rejoignez Paxi alors qu’il explore l’effet de serre pour en savoir plus sur le réchauffement climatique.

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24-05-2018 03:48 PM CEST

Deltag i Paxi, da han udforsker drivhuseffekten for at lære om global opvarmning.

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24-05-2018 03:06 PM CEST

Junte-se a Paxi enquanto ele explora o efeito estufa para aprender sobre o aquecimento global.

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24-05-2018 02:47 PM CEST

Alăturați-vă Paxi explorând efectul de seră pentru a afla despre încălzirea globală.

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24-05-2018 01:03 PM CEST

Bli med Paxi når han undersøker drivhuseffekten for å lære om global oppvarming.

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24-05-2018 12:25 PM CEST

Dołącz do Paxi, badając efekt cieplarniany, aby dowiedzieć się więcej o globalnym ociepleniu.

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24-05-2018 11:13 AM CEST

Liity Paxiin, kun hän tutkii kasvihuoneilmiötä saadakseen tietoa ilmaston lämpenemisestä.

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24-05-2018 11:11 AM CEST

Připojte se k Paxi, když zkoumá skleníkový efekt, abyste se dozvěděli o globálním oteplování.

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European Space Agency Flickr Update

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Launch of ESRO-2B satellite
24-05-2018 12:05 PM CEST

europeanspaceagency posted a photo:

Launch of ESRO-2B satellite

ESRO-2 control room at ESOC, Darmstadt, Germany, in 1968.

On 17 May 1968, ESA’s predecessor the European Space Research Organisation (ESRO), launched ESRO-2B – an 86kg cylindrical spacecraft designed to study X-rays from our closest star, the Sun, and cosmic rays from the rest of the Universe.

The ESRO-2 satellites were the first developed by ESRO, with ESRO-2B launched after ESRO-2A failed to reach orbit around Earth, becoming the first mission controlled by teams at the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) in Darmstadt, Germany.

Also known as the International Radiation Investigation Satellite, ESRO-2B was launched with the Scout B rocket from Vandernberg Air Force Base in California.

The launch of the first European satellites on US rockets came after an offer from NASA to fly these first two satellites free of charge, as a ‘christening gift’ to ESRO.

Powered by 3456 solar cells ESRO-2B was designed to work for one year, however it continued to return data until it re-entered Earth’s atmosphere on 9 May 1971 after completing 16,282 orbits.

ESRO’s first satellites concentrated on solar and cosmic radiation and their interaction with the Earth and its magnetosphere. While ESRO-2B was designed for solar observations, it is also credited with the detection of X-rays from non-solar sources.

Credits: ESA, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO